Second World War tweets from 1943

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Cost of atomic research has outstripped UK's resources- Churchill gives all "tube alloys" work to USA, surrendering independent British nuclear bomb.
UK & USA have signed a treaty in Quebec, agreeing to merge British "Tube Alloys" project & American Manhattan project to jointly work on creating nuclear weapons.
To fool RAF observers & make bombing damage seem worse, Germans in Peenemünde blow false craters in ground & paint black & white stripes on roofs to mimic charred beams.
Aimed only by moonlight, Operation Hydra bombing wildly inaccurate, & RAF suffer heavy losses; 215 British airmen in 35 planes shot down by German night-fighters.
With 596 planes, Operation Hydra targets scientists' sleeping quarters, aiming to kill brains behind German rocketry. Just 2 scientists killed by RAF bombing- but 732 Polish slave laborers die, locked in camp by SS guards.
From Polish spies & Engima decrypts, RAF know Peenemünde site is building "V for vengeance" rockets, with a 200-mile range.
Royal Air Force have launched Operation Hydra, major bombing raid on Peenemünde- heart of German rocket research, where Nazi scientists construct V2 ballistic missiles.
SS are trying to "liquidate" Bialystok ghetto, deporting 10,000+ Jews to Nazi extermination camps- Jewish guerrillas fight to slow down the deportations &, hopefully, allow some of the ghetto’s inmates to escape.
400 Jews from Białystok ghetto, in German-occupied Poland, have risen to fight against the Nazi SS. Jewish ghetto inmates are battling Germans while armed with just 25 rifles, 100 pistols, & homemade grenades.
On Kiska, Allies discover abandoned Japanese radar stations, hidden submarine & seaplane hangars, & defensive tunnels.
32 American & Canadian soldiers have been killed while occupying deserted island of Kiska- shot by friendly fire after mistaking each other for Japanese in the fog. 300+ total casualties from accidents, landlines & booby traps.
In preparation for "Operation Cottage"- recapture of Kiska- US Navy have spent 3 weeks bombarding the deserted island. Now Allied soldiers are “fighting” their way on shore in thick fog.
34,426 US & Canadian troops have landed on Alaskan isle of Kiska, ready to fight a garrison of Japanese invaders- who left over a month ago.
Journalist Ernie Pyle reports: "In Sicily, our Army would have been as helpless without bulldozers as without jeeps."
In 24 hours, working on sheer cliff-face, US Army engineers have built a bridge on the mountain road at Cape Calavà- route to port of Messina is open again.
Retreating Germans in Sicily are blowing up mountain roads to stop Allied pursuit- US engineers are tasked to build "bridges in the sky" to keep American forces advancing.
Italian government have declared Rome an "open city", offering to dismantle all defences & military installations if Allies suspend bombing of the capital.
After two week's respite, Allied bombers have launched a wave of air raids across Axis Europe, hitting Rome, Naples, & for the first time, Austria.
Soviet Marshal Rokossovsky is bitter he was not able to use blitzkrieg tactics against the Germans: "We merely pushed the Nazis from Orel- we could have crushed them!"
Operation Kutuzov, major Soviet counterattack to retake Orel, has killed over 86,000 Axis soldiers & 429,000 Soviets.
After a 22-day, appallingly bloody battle near Kursk, Red Army have forced Germans from the Russian city of Orel.
German occupation government offers a reward of 5 million zloties for information on the bank robbers. Polish resistance graffitti over it, offering 10 million zloties to anyone who gives them more Nazi targets to attack.
In Operation Góral, Polish resistance struck in broad daylight & captured a German bank truck, killed its guards, & stole 105 million złotys. Nazi occupiers of Warsaw clueless; they think cash was stolen by common thieves, sparing Polish population from vicious reprisals.
Polish anti-Nazi fighters from the secret Home Army have performed a daring raid in Warsaw, robbing a German armed car & relieving occupiers of Polish currency worth over $1 million US dollars.
British 8th Army are racing north in Sicily, trying to cut off the Axis from retreating to the Straits of Messina & blocking their evacuation to mainland:
After weeks retreating from Allied invaders, German army are abandoning Sicily- 39,569 troops are being evacuated back to Italy.
Austrian Franz Jägerstätter has been executed by the Nazi government for refusal to fight in the German army. Devout Jägerstätter declared it was "impossible for him to be a Catholic & at the same time a National Socialist".
Biuku Gasa, one of the two Solomon Coastwatchers who have rescued PT-109's survivors, at first thought Kennedy was Japanese: "All white people looked the same to me."
Kennedy & crew have been rescued after being found by native Solomon Islanders, spying on Japanese for Allies; "coast watchers" carry a message back to a US base, carved on a coconut. NAURO ISL COMMANDER… NATIVE KNOWS POS'IT… HE CAN PILOT… 11 ALIVE NEED SMALL BOAT… KENNEDY
PT-109's crew swum to the deserted Plum Pudding island- Lt. Kennedy towing a burned crewmate with the man's jacket strap clenched between his teeth during the four-hour swim.
Off New Guinea, US Patrol Torpedo boat 109 has been sunk after colliding with a Japanese destroyer. 11 survivors have been marooned for nearly a week, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, son of the former American ambassador to London.
US troops in Solomons are exhausted by Japanese attacks; twitchy sentries fire at crabs or shifting shadows, sometimes killing other Americans.
Japanese "attack with bloodcurdling screams, plaster camps with artillery, crawl silently into American foxholes & strangle the occupants."
Squabbles between US Navy & Army have left Allied forces on New Georgia disorganised & short on reinforcements or supply- prey for Japanese guerrilla raids in the tropical night.
US troops are fighting gruelling jungle battles on the Pacific island of New Georgia, in Japanese-occupied Solomon Islands.
After a week of brutal battle, US Army have captured Sicilian town of Troina- forcing German defenders deeper into mountains.
Now Minister for Armaments in General De Gaulle's Free French government, Monnet has spent last three years as advisor to US President Roosevelt, arguing for increased American production for Allied war effort: "Better 10,000 tanks too many than one tank too few."
"Prosperity for the States of Europe & the social developments that must go with it will only be possible if they form a federation or a 'European entity' that makes them into a common economic unit." Read more on French plans for after war:…
In Algiers, Jean Monnet, of the new Free French National Liberation Committee, declares: "There will be no peace in Europe if the States are reconstituted on the basis of national sovereignty... the countries of Europe are too small to guarantee their peoples prosperity."
Wehrmacht troops are flooding south into Italy, occupying the mainland ready for an Allied invasion- officially offering "support" to fellow a Fascist government.
Sicilian natives are actively aiding the Allied invaders against occupying Germans; an Italian farmer directs US artillery:
Allied invaders of Sicily have smashed through Axis defences, driving Germans & Italians into northeastern corner of the island:
UK War Cabinet is warned that millions of Indians could die; Churchill: "all parts of the British Empire should feel the pinch."
Natural disasters, including cyclones & flooding have left Bengal desperately short of food. Japanese invasion of Burma, coupled with British scorched-earth policy, has cut rice imports & sent prices spiralling upwards. 100,000s of Indians close to death.
Churchill blocks shipments of food to India, claims Europe more urgent: "starvation of anyhow underfed Bengalis is less serious than that of sturdy Greeks."
Famine is sweeping East Bengal, in British-controlled Indian Raj; British government is refusing to supply food to help starving population. Wartime inflation & rationing have left millions unable to buy enough food to stave off starvation.
Germans have been thrown back in colossal Battle of Kursk; Red Army now launch Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev aimed at re-capturing shattered city of Kharkov.
Nazis have brought in 1000s of German & Ukrainian troops to hunt the 300 Jews who escaped from Treblinka yesterday; Polish resistance are trying to hide them.
“Our duty is done. We destroyed the camp & the murderers are dead. We killed 200 German & Ukrainian fascists. We received the order to escape to the forest.” More:…
Treblinka escapee Stanislaw Kon: "It is night. The fight has already lasted 6 hours. The Germans have received help and our numbers are fewer and fewer. There is a lack of ammunition.”
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