US Holocaust Museum

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“I remember that there were piles and piles of corpses.” —Charles Torluccio, veteran of the 11th Armored Division #OTD in 1945, the US Army liberated Mauthausen concentration camp. At least 95,000 prisoners died in that camp system between 1938 and 1945.…
Babies born in basements, families torn apart. As war engulfs their country after Russia's unprovoked invasion, Ukrainians are being forced to flee or fight. Watch live on 5/6 at 9:30 a.m. ET to learn about the sacrifices mothers are making to keep their children safe.
In May 1945, the 71st Infantry Division liberated Gunskirchen. The unit's commander, Major General Wyman, had a booklet printed to document the horrors and remind people "that the freedom and privileges we enjoy in a democratic nation must be jealously guarded and protected."
Jacqueline Morgenstern was a victim of medical experiments at the Neuengamme concentration camp. By the time British forces arrived #OTD in 1945, more than 50,000 prisoners, including Jacqueline, had died—almost half of all those imprisoned in the camp during its operation.
4/ "The story of the Ritchie Boys is a story of incredible bravery, commitment and self-sacrifice against all odds. This story proves when your cause is just, your faith and dedication light your path."—Ukrainian Ambassador to the United States Oksana Markarova (@OMarkarova)
3/ “The memory of the Holocaust should never recede from our consciousness. …We must reaffirm our commitment to the cause of freedom from tyranny to always fight against crimes against humanity.”—General Mark A. Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
2/ The 2022 Elie Wiesel Award was presented to the Ritchie Boys, a once-secret US military intelligence unit comprised of many refugees from Nazism who were instrumental to the Allies’ victory in World War II.
1/ At the 2022 National Tribute Dinner, #USHMM honored the Ritchie Boys, recipients of the Elie Wiesel Award. General Mark A. Milley and Ukrainian Ambassador to the US Oksana Markarova spoke. Together, we committed ourselves to meeting the challenges of these uncertain times.
After being expelled from Germany for criticizing the Nazi regime, Dorothy Thompson shared: “It’s the business of journalism to report everything that happens, regardless of whether it’s to the glory or not of one regime or another." #WorldPressFreedomDay…
A $15 million gift from David M. Rubenstein to support the Museum's National Institute for Holocaust Documentation will allow #USHMM to build and preserve our collection so that it can support scholarship and safeguard truth around the world.…
At a time when resistance was deadly, Professor Kurt Huber opposed the Nazi regime. He helped students who led a secret resistance cell, printing leaflets urging Germans to oppose the Nazi regime. Huber was caught by the secret police and executed. #TeacherAppreciationDay 📸Alamy1
Tonight, the Museum will confer its highest honor, the Elie Wiesel Award, on the Ritchie Boys. Learn more about the secret unit that was instrumental in Nazi Germany’s defeat.…
Russian officials, including President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, continue to weaponize falsified history to justify an unprovoked war of exceptional brutality against the Ukrainian people.…
"The most important person in my life is my mother." Her mother's quick thinking saved Halina Peabody and her sister when the family's Jewish identity was discovered as they tried to escape the Nazi threat. Watch live on 5/6 at 9:30 a.m. ET to hear the story of a mother's love.
#OnThisDay in 1945, Allied troops liberated Wöbbelin, a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp. The original caption of this photo taken by the US Army Signal Corps at Wöbbelin reads, "New Nazi horror camp discovered."
Holocaust survivor Solly Ganor called Clarence Matsumura his “personal liberator.” Clarence saved Solly from a forced march while serving in a segregated unit of the US Army composed of Japanese Americans. The two remained friends until Clarence’s death. 📷: Eric Saul#AAPIHMM5
Mina Lewkowicz and her mother, Złata, were forced to sew uniforms for the SS while imprisoned at Ravensbrück, a large women's concentration camp near Berlin. Złata starved to death before the Soviet army liberated Ravensbrück #OTD in 1945. Mina later reunited with her father.
"We are so lucky we are here to tell the story," said Jack Waksal to fellow Holocaust survivor Sam Ron. After a chance reunion at a recent #USHMM event, the pair met up again virtually to speak about their Holocaust experiences.…
Hilarius Gilges was an Afro-German dancer and Communist activist from Düsseldorf, Germany. He was 24 years old when Nazis murdered him for his politics, as well as his race, on June 20, 1933. 📷: Mahn-und Gedenkstaette DuesseldorfC
Musician Shony Alex Braun was one of at least 200,000 prisoners incarcerated in the Dachau concentration camp. In an attempt to escape, Shony was shot. He survived the bullet, and was one of the inmates liberated at Dachau #OTD in April 1945.
"We are preserving stories." As the Museum continues to grow its collection, children of Holocaust survivors are donating their parents' precious pieces of history. Learn more about how this work carries on their parents' legacies.…
"It’s all the truth as I saw it with my own eyes," US soldier Delbert Cooper wrote to his wife the day after liberating Gunskirchen. Choosing to be a witness to history, he asked her to type up his letter so he could "show it to people when I come home."
“You—my only and dearest one—do not blame yourself for what happened. … Take care of the golden boy and don’t spoil him too much...” Vilma Grunwald wrote this to her husband after choosing to accompany their son to the gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Dr. Elkhanan Elkes, a physician who chose to lead the Jewish community in the Kovno Ghetto, wrote this ethical will to his children in England in fall 1943. He died in Dachau a year later. #WeRemember
"Unless we as individuals are committed to confronting things like hatred, or complicity, or indifference, the world will not change." To mark the Days of Remembrance, @HolocaustMuseum Director Sara Bloomfield spoke with @ABCNewsLive's @KyraPhillips.
Each year, the Museum leads the nation in observing Days of Remembrance, established by the US Congress as the country’s annual Holocaust commemoration. Join us today as #WeRemember the six million Jews who were murdered and honor the survivors.
“We were sitting around the breakfast table. … And they took my mom away.” One of Peter Gorog’s first memories is of his mother’s arrest when he was just three-and-a-half years old. Hear Peter’s story of survival today at 1 p.m. ET.
"We tell these stories because perhaps we know that not to listen, not to want to know, would lead you to indifference, and indifference is never an answer." —Elie Wiesel During the Days of Remembrance, we honor survivors and victims. Join us today at 6 p.m. ET as #WeRemember.
"In spite of the tragedy that robbed me of a normal childhood and took my father away, I am thankful for the memory of my father’s unfinished life," recalled Holocaust survivor Peter Gorog. Hear Peter share his family's story live on 4/27 at 1 p.m. ET.
In April 1933, a German law limited the number of Jews in public schools to five percent of the population. Later, in November 1938, the Nazi regime barred all Jews from public schools. Among those pictured is Lilli Eckstein six months before she was expelled for being Jewish.
As many as 1.2 million people were killed during the #ArmenianGenocide from spring 1915 to fall 1916. The Ottomans' crimes were not a secret. US Ambassador in Constantinople Henry Morgenthau Sr. cabled warnings of "rape, pillage, and murder" aimed at destroying the Armenians.
#OTD in 1945, American troops arrived at Flossenbürg concentration camp in Germany, liberating some 1,500 remaining prisoners. Most prisoners had been evacuated on a death march just days prior.
Amplifying the voices of Holocaust survivors is crucial amid rising antisemitism, Holocaust denial, and hatred. Survivors who volunteer at the Museum have adapted to new technology to share their stories with a global audience. #NationalVolunteerWeek…
"This museum is not an answer. It is a question mark." Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel spoke these words #OnThisDay in 1993 at the dedication of our Museum. He lit the eternal flame with President Bill Clinton and Chairman Harvey Meyerhoff (left).
"Everybody was crying, everybody hysterical, in terrible shape." Bernhard Storch never forgot what he saw when he entered Sachsenhausen concentration camp. As a member of the First Polish Infantry Division, Bernhard, a Polish Jew, helped liberate Sachsenhausen in April 1945.
As partisan forces neared the Jasenovac camp complex in Croatia in April 1945, hundreds of prisoners revolted against the Ustaša guards. Only a few escaped. Most of the remaining prisoners were then murdered and the camp was destroyed.
20 April 1945 | Elwin P. Ware wrote a letter home to his wife and his office staff describing what he saw during a post-liberation tour of #Buchenwald. "I still have nightmares because of the horrible things I saw." " More at @HolocaustMuseum page:…
Retweeted by US Holocaust Museum
#OTD in 1943, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising began after German SS troops and police entered the ghetto to deport its inhabitants. Ill-equipped Jewish fighters held off the Germans for weeks, forcing them to destroy the ghetto and capture survivors block by block. 📷: NARA
"In place of home I hold the metamorphoses of the world—" Born to a Jewish family in Berlin in 1891, Nelly Sachs fled to Sweden in 1940. Through her vivid writing, she memorialized victims and bore witness to the plight of refugees.#NationalPoetryMonth 📷Nobelprize.org69
Blanka Bornstein (second from left) and Bronka Lerner (far right) hid with the Ptaszkowski family outside Krakow. On #Easter, a man at church recognized Bronka and reported her to the police. Bronka escaped. Blanka went to Austria and worked in factories. Both women survived.
During his internment at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Polish prisoner Aleksander Kulisiewicz composed more than 54 songs, recording prisoners' experiences in the camp. His songs are one of the most valuable archives of cultural life within the camp system.
In April 1946, Jews celebrated the first #Passover after the defeat of Nazi Germany. Created by survivors and published by the Third US Army, The Survivors' Haggadah incorporates elements of the traditional Passover text with the recent experiences of Holocaust survivors.
Luba Tryszynska, known as The Angel of Belsen, helped more than 40 Jewish children survive after they had been left for dead in the cold at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. #OTD in 1945 they were liberated by the British. Luba's own son was murdered at Auschwitz. 📸@I_W_MM2
Otto Wolf, a Czech Jewish teenager, chronicled his experience living in hiding. His journal began on June 22, 1942, the day he and his family escaped deportation. The last entry Otto wrote was dated April 13, 1945. He was captured on April 18, 1945, and was shot two days later.
As American troops fought their way across Europe in April 1945, they spotted an abandoned train near Farsleben, Germany. To their shock, the train held about 2,500 concentration camp inmates, either dead or suffering from malnutrition and lack of medical attention.
#OnThisDay in 1945, Canadian forces liberated the Westerbork transit camp in the Netherlands. Nearly 100,000 Jews passed through the camp between July 1942 and September 1944. The vast majority were sent on to Auschwitz or Sobibor, where they were killed.…
At age 16, Elie Wiesel was one of the more than 21,000 people liberated from Buchenwald #OTD in 1945. "I knew I would have to bear witness. Everyone who was there is a witness, and everyone who was there is a true witness," he told NPR in 1988. 📷: National Archives
When Ruth Cohen arrived at #Auschwitz, she was quickly separated from her younger brother, Aharon. He was murdered. "We never argued. We were always warm and loving." On #NationalSiblingsDay, we think of the Holocaust survivors who hold painful memories of siblings they lost.
Less than a month before the end of WWII in Europe, Dietrich Bonhoeffer was executed #OTD in 1945 for his opposition to the Nazi regime. Bonhoeffer was a German pastor who had been an early critic of the impact of Nazism on the German Evangelical Church.…
“This is the pain that we carry,” said Maria Sava Moise. Maria and her husband, Stefan, survived the deportation of Roma to Romanian-controlled Transnistria. There, they lived under horrific conditions with little food or shelter. #InternationalRomaDay
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